The procedure of leg lengthening surgery

Leg lengthening surgery, also known as limb lengthening surgery, is a complex procedure performed to increase the length of one or both legs. This procedure is often utilized for individuals with a congenital length discrepancy or after a severe injury. In this blog, we will guide you through the steps of this surgical procedure, emphasizing the precision and meticulousness required.

Step 1: Preparation

Before the actual surgery commences, the patient undergoes a thorough preoperative examination. This includes collecting medical history, assessing X-ray images, and determining the specific length that needs to be achieved. The surgeon also informs the patient about expectations and potential complications.

Step 2: Anesthesia

Once the preparation is complete, the patient is placed under general anesthesia to ensure comfort and painlessness during the surgery. The anesthesia team continuously monitors the patient's vital signs throughout the procedure.

Step 3: Incision and exposure

The surgeon makes a careful incision in the bone that requires lengthening. This can be done using various techniques, depending on the chosen method. For example, an external fixator or internal pins may be necessary. The surgeon ensures that the bone is fully exposed and ready for the subsequent steps.

Step 4: Bone lengthening

Now comes the most crucial part of the surgery – the actual bone lengthening. This can be achieved by using an external fixation device, consisting of pins inserted through the bone and connected to a frame on the outside of the leg. This frame is gradually extended, pulling the bone apart slowly. The bone responds by generating new bone tissue, resulting in the desired leg lengthening.

Step 5: Healing and rehabilitation

After the bone lengthening, the pins and fixation devices are carefully adjusted to ensure that the new bone tissue is sturdy and well-aligned. The patient is closely monitored during the healing period, which may take several months. Physical therapy and rehabilitation play a crucial role in the recovery process, and the patient must adhere to specific instructions regarding mobility and weight-bearing on the operated leg.

Leg lengthening surgery is a transformative procedure that requires careful planning, execution, and postoperative care. It is essential for patients to have realistic expectations and collaborate closely with their surgeon and medical team throughout the entire process. With ongoing advancements in the medical field, the technology behind leg lengthening surgeries continues to evolve, making this procedure increasingly safer and more effective.